Israeli scientist helps create first digital brain tissue
An international team of scientists, including Professor Idan Segev from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has taken an important step in understanding the human mind by being the first to create a detailed, computerized representation of brain tissue.
Segev is part of the Blue Brain Project, a team of experts who hope to one day create a computer simulation detailing the smallest chemical and nervous reactions in the brain, giving valuable insight into how the human mind functions.
The digital reconstruction is an encompassing computer model, representing the electrical patterns of about 30,000 neurons in restored tissue, and about 40 million synapses (connections between neurons) that they create.
The research, which was published in the lucrative scientific journal Cell, is the result of the combined efforts of 82 scientists and engineers at the EPFL (a research university in Lausanne, Switzerland), as well as institutes in Israel, Hungary, the United States, China, Sweden, and the UK. It represents 20 years’ worth of biological experiments, and ten years’ worth of calculations and algorithm development, through which the program required to digitally reconstruct the tissue was written.